Electricity And Solar Energy In Nigerian
Nigeria as a country is definitely the largest in an economy in the sub-Saharan region of Africa, yet a lot of limitations in its power sector has dwindled her growth. Nigeria is well enriched with large oil, gas, hydro resource and solar resource, apparently, it currently has the ability to generate 12,522 megawatts (MW) of electric power from its existing plants, though most days it can only be able to generate about 4,000 MW, which is clearly not sufficient. With changes and revolutions, Nigeria has privatized its power distribution companies, this decision has clothed the country with a broad range of tariff.
In Nigeria, generation capacity is majorly made up of gas-fired and some notable hydropower stations domicile in the country. Albeit, the operation of the system is pretty below capacity. This issue is caused by inconsistency in the supply of fuel to the power stations in the country. So many hurdles are arranged in a way that circulation and supply of power in the country has become tedious.
Nigeria’s electricity pattern is undirectedly moving in a way that the need for the correlation between the cost of the power generating electricity and the tariffs it is receiving is unexplainable and not attained. The gap created between the power generation and the tariff received was estimated at about $2.7 billion in 2015-18.
Despite the big gap that is between the tariff and operating costs, the privatization of Nigeria’s electricity sector has not ushered in a reliable improvement in the availability of durable electricity. This is in occurrence because the private electricity distribution companies learnt a dilapidated infrastructure from the Country’s government through the National Electric Power Authority, upgrading and enhancing the system has become a struggle because the pattern was religiously imbibed.
Solar energy, on the other hand, holds great promise for restructuring Nigeria’s unreliable power supply. Statistically, it’s been suggested that it could increase the rate of energy availability of electricity to reach about 80 million people who currently do not have access to the power supply. The good side of this solar hope is leaning on the fact that solar energy capacity can be created far quicker than usual power plants. It can also be built-in little forms, starting up in a relatively small form and adding more capacity as the need and usage increases.
When it comes to the differences between Solar Energy and Electricity in Nigeria, there are several factors that are involved. Some of the differences are caused by some factors. These factors are stated below;
- Operation and maintenance culture.
Solar energy as a renewable energy technology is almost a new form of energy with regard to the traditional culture of Nigerian electricity, and not it has not been practically developed, there is little or no knowledge about its operation and maintenance custom. Perfect workforce can’t be achieved if the solar system is not well operated.
Concurrently, if maintenance of the solar system is not well carried out as necessary, it might cause some distortion and irregularity. Equipment, parts and other components that would make the use of solar energy effective in Nigeria aren’t readily available, as a matter of fact, most parts are imported. The use of traditional electricity is mostly done and controlled in Nigeria, and this fact of maintenance and operation has caused the usage of electricity to be more than that of Solar Energy.
2. Complex Technology
In Nigeria, standards, patterns and guidelines are not enough when it comes to renewable energy technologies regarding the weights of its durability, reliability, efficiency and performance. These complexities have made the use of solar energy to be on the low side while electricity strives perfectly despite its flaws.
One of the technical difficulties that solar energy is facing in Nigeria is the ability to store energy and distribute to diverse portals. Though, the supply of sun may be regular, but then it certainly reduces as the sun goes down, and the reduction causes a reduction in power flow when the energy is not properly stored, and electricity grids won’t be able to operate perfectly unless the supply and demand are balanced.
These technical issues also differentiate the use of Electricity and Solar in Nigeria, because the usual electricity has been traditional for a long period of time now.
3.Ineffective policies by the government.
Having solid policies within the realm of the energy industry is not only meant for the betterment of the country in the aspect of developmental sustainability, but this course also spans through all areas of resolution. The government policies are also meant to take care of the modification and sustainability of renewable energy. Inefficiency in policies piles up confusion within the integral departments with regard to the implementation of the subsidies. The policies of the government have a lot of roles to play when it comes to the usage of energy in the country. Nigeria has always been influenced religiously to use normal electricity rather than Solar Energy.
4. Poor information system.
If we say development is sustainable, we should place our minds on corroboration of human satisfaction, involvement, acceptance and proper recognition, that comes through a well-known technological system that is socially recognized and acceptable with suitable policies and the right tools for regulation.
The core concern or problem in terms of public understanding is; insufficient information as most citizens are far from the source of information, inadequate awareness and campaign policy and finance. Most Nigerians are aware of Electricity, but only a few are aware of the emergence of Solar energy. The poor information system has become an embargo to the spread of Solar energy.
The above points among many others are basically the factors that have built noticeable differences between electricity and solar energy in Nigerian.
The use of Solar energy might never be implemented if these factors are not judiciously looked into. Creating awareness on the use and benefits of Solar energy should span throughout all sectors of the country; from the governmental body, towns, colleges, homes and villages.