Tuesday, 07 July, 2020

Solar Farm


Solar-farm

Solar farms are known as large scale solar installations, solar parks, or solar power stations. Solar farms are formed by the use of photovoltaic (PV) panels to collect solar energy; by collecting energy from the sun. Solar farms are different from the regular rooftop solar powers.

Just like other power supplying phenomenons, solar farms function as power plants, the solar farm like other power sources have been generating power for humans for over a century now. Solar farms are not arranged like other solar powers that are used for commercial purposes. The solar farm consists of solar panels that are mounted on the ground within a large area.  A solar farm has the solubility to send energy directly to the electric grid, then the grid disperses the power to house owners and other commercial startups for consumption. A solar farm can be in the form of a utility-scale or community solar farm. Some large-scale users of solar energy build a solar farm that is strictly for their own internal use, sometimes within the work site, and some times far from the site.

Solar farms have the site range within tens to hundreds of Kilowatts, they can also span through a thousand megawatts. The future of solar farm might be the Shakti Sthala solar farm in India; its range is projected to be about 2,000 megawatts or 2 gigawatts, and it will be a mind-blowing solar farm. The difference between the community solar farm and the utility-scale solar farm is that the community solar farm is sometimes 10 kilowatts small while utility-scale is up to 5 megawatts or even more.

The notable difference between the community solar farm and the utility solar farm is in their purpose of service. The community solar farm serves certain people that subscribe to it, while the utility solar farm is mostly used by utility companies and establishments.

Depending on how a community solar farm is built, cities and business owners can buy electrical power from the farm station. Each municipal settlement buys from a part of the farm that will send solar power across to them. Towns, communities, and homes That are unable to install the rooftop solar system are most times encouraged to get solar energy from the community solar farm. Provided that the site where the solar farm is located is safe from shades, it is ideal and more economical than the rooftop solar system. The utility solar farm is also beneficial to utility companies because it helps to reduce costs on electricity.

Why are solar farms ideal?

Solar farms compared to the rooftop solar system are easy and affordable to build. Also, in operation, the Solar farm is even more friendly compared to the rooftop solar system. Its advantage leverages on economical benefit. In purchasing solar panels and its constituents, buying on a large scale is cheaper than small scale purchases. The Solar farm encourages buying in large quantities, thereby making the cost of the equipment lesser. The solar farm is mostly sited in open areas that are free from sunshades; trees and buildings. Unlike the rooftop solar system, the solar farm is prone to getting currents from the sun in large amounts.

Size of land a solar farm need.

The size of land a solar farm depends on how many kilowatts of solar power involved. Each kilowatt of the solar system equals to about a hundred square feet of land space, and 2 kilowatts will be equal to 200 square feet of the land space. A 5 kilowatts solar needs about 500 Square feet of roof space, and the list goes on and on. The land needed will definitely be larger because outside the calculated space, there is also other equipment that will help it to function, and there will also be leeways between the rows of the panel. According to researches, a 1-megawatt solar farm requires over 6-8 acres of land.

Solar-farm
Solar-farm

The time it takes to build a Solar farm.

Building a Solar farm is dependent on some factors. Firstly, the size of the Solar farm in question, then the number of people working on it, albeit the construction can be completed within months. Despite the completion in months,  the necessary documentation and approvals might take some years to acquire. Building a small solar farm takes lesser time than it takes in building a larger one. After the necessary completion of the solar farm, it is necessary that maintenance and servicing should take place at least 3 times a year.

Pros of a Solar farm.

1. Energy from the sun is reliable.

Unlike the regular fossils,  the energy from the sun is always available and reliable. The life span of the sun is factually over a billion years, which is a very long time. The solar farm takes advantage of the sun’s energy. Having a solar farm erases the idea of running out of energy because the sun is always available to power the solar farm and generating energy for human use.

2. Lesser cost of maintenance.

Maintaining solar farm costs little. The sun is always available to keep the solar system working, so this helps to reduce stagnation and deterioration. The solar panels and all of its equipment need just little maintenance like; regular cleaning and checking. This helps in saving funds and revenue.

3. Multipurpose

The solar farm is not just a system that provides electricity, but it can also serve in other areas of human needs. It can serve as an agent that helps to distill water. The Solar energy we are using also power satellites in orbit around the planet we live in. When we install an inverter on battery storage, solar energy can generally be used for almost anything that requires power to function. It is a versatile phenomenon.

Cons

1. It occupies a lot of space.

Solar farms are not just facilities, they are large-scale applications that collect active energy from the sun, generally through the installation of photovoltaic panels. These panels are set up to generate electricity, which is then passed into a distribution grid that passes the current for usage. They are usually developed in rural areas because it occupies a large area of land. This disadvantage is notable because the land is a very valuable asset,  and there is various need for it. Solar energy might use up land that might have served for other investments.

2. It may affect the environment negatively.

To build and set up a solar farm, enormous panels must be installed. This changes the natural landscape in visible and notable ways. The land can no longer be used for any other need except for power generation. The panels and its reflection may not be all that attractive to some people. The panels, once they are installed, can also cause some changes for the local habitats and also affect wildlife in negative ways.

Conclusion

Solar power is a great and reliable source of directly useable energy and powerfully creates other energy resources, such as biomass, wind power, hydropower, and also wave energy.

Most areas of the earth’s biosphere receive sufficient solar energy that can allow low-grade heating of water and buildings, though, there are detectable differences with latitude, season, and time. Despite the difference in latitudes and season, it remains evident that solar energy is reliable and sustainable.

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